What is a passive fire protection system?

A passive fire protection (PFP) system comprises technologies that compartmentalise a building or space. Adequate passive fire protection is executed through fire-resistant installations consisting of fireproof doors, walls, ceilings and floors. Another big part of passive fire protection is sealing the gaps between fireproofing structural components such as windows, doors, floors, ceilings and structural beams. This assists in slowing down the spread of fire and retarding the damage caused by both extreme temperatures and smoke. PFP's ultimate goal is to limit and slow any structural fire, which in turn allows occupants of the structure more time to evacuate.

Components of passive fire protection systems 

At Firesoppers. Our solutions can consist of many elements, but we recommend that, at the very least, every structure should have:

Fire Doors and Windows 

Are vital components of passive fire protection systems as they effectively prevent the spread and speed of smoke and fire for a duration that varies according to their fire rating; by implementing fire windows, they are less likely to break, allowing more oxygen into the fire, and causing the catastrophic effect.

Passive fire protection is essential in maintaining the integrity of a building during a fire, and fire dampers play a crucial role in achieving this.

Fire dampers

Fire dampers are a product specifically designed for use with HVAC ducts. 

They work as a barrier against fire spreading through fire-rated walls and floors. By closing off the ducts, fire dampers prevent the spread of flames and the occupants of the building.

Fire Sealant Compounds

Fire sealing compounds are crucial for fire compartmentation, as they form a rigid seal that prevents the spread of fire and smoke through penetrations in walls and floors. Without these seals, the integrity of the firestop barrier is compromised.

What are active and passive fire protection systems?

Every business in Ireland is responsible for ensuring every precaution is taken to prevent loss of life and property damage. So if you manage fire safety, it’s essential to know the difference between active and passive protection.

What materials are used in the design and construction of a PFP System?

Passive Fire Protection (PFP) systems utilise various materials for their design and construction. Endothermic materials such as silicate board, concrete, calcium and gypsum wallboard absorb heat and slowly release it. 

Structural fire resistance can be achieved using two types of materials: intumescent and vermiculite. 

Vermiculite materials are applied in a relatively thick layer to cover structural steel. The porous nature of steel bars makes them unsuitable for environments. Especially where water exposure is a possibility.

Unlike vermiculite, Intumescent fireproofing is applied like paint in a relatively thin layer. The layer of paint will typically measure 350 to 700 micrometres, and its thickness depends on which steel is used. Vermiculite coating has a smoother and more aesthetic finish and helps stop or slow corrosion.

Installation of Passive Fire Protection Systems  

The installation of a passive fire protection system is a highly intricate process, one which requires excellent levels of care and attention. 

The installer is responsible for ensuring that the system is installed to the highest possible standard and comes with the approved certification.

Following an installation, regular checks will be made to ensure it operates how it should in the event of a fire. 

Protection System Maintenance

Like most safety systems, regular maintenance and annual checks are strongly recommended.

The Benefits of Passive Fire Protection Systems

Each fire protection system has its only benefits.

Passive Fire Systems are designed to contain, control, and slow fire, preventing the fire from spreading through a building. The additional benefits are that as the fire is slowed, it allows occupants more time to escape and for emergency services to respond.

Another noteworthy point on Passive systems is that they meet almost any commercial or residential premises fire protection requirements.

The importance of Passive Fire Protection Systems in providing a safe environment for businesses cannot be overstated. By installing the right PFP system, businesses can rest assured that their premises are as fire-safe as possible.

What is an example of a passive fire protection plan?

A passive fire protection plan, otherwise known as PFP Audit, is where a fire protection company maps out exactly what needs to be done to manage the risk of fire effectively. 

A plan would map out where fires are most likely to occur and then explain how the passive protection technologies would help protect both the structure and the occupants.

What’s better passive or active protection

Both passive and active fire protection systems have benefits that exceed the other. In our strong opinion, passive will always be the most effective of the two methods. 

But to fully protect a structure and its occupants, a combination of both active and passive fire systems is optimum.

Passive Fire Protection Ireland

As the leading fire prevention/fire detection supplier in Ireland, Firestoppers offer a full range of fire prevention products and services. Our products come from only the best names at a competitive price. 

We offer a complete range of services which include Fire Equipment Maintenance/Installation and Training Courses. We offer a fully tailored service to businesses and organisations, from design, installation and commissioning to certification.

Contact us today to discuss how we can help you and your project.

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